“A rose is a rose is a rose,” 20th-century author Gertrude Stein famously said, and on a superficial level, that’s true. However, names are also about identity — how you see yourself and how others see you.
It’s an issue that Anna Maria Tremonti, the CBC journalist, explored this week in a CBC radio panel discussion about how to refer to the group that the U.S. and its allies are fighting in Iraq and Syria.
Prime Minister Trudeau calls the group ISIL, while French Prime Minister Francois Hollande calls it Da’esh and the group itself prefers the term ISIS. Why all the confusion? Does it matter?
Yes, it does matter, because a name is an identity. The group, says The Guardian, refers to itself as the Islamic State in Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS), a name that it uses to proclaim itself a caliphate, or an Islamic state for all Muslims. (The term al-Sham refers to the western portion of the Middle East).
The term ISIL, used by Trudeau and U.S. President Barack Obama, is the acronym for Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant, the English term for al-Sham. It’s convenient, but it also confers a legitimacy on the group that many people question.
Many of the group’s opponents believe it’s wrong to call the violent group a state because that term generally implies laws and governance. They gravitate toward the appellation preferred by France, Da’ esh, shorthand for the group’s full Arabic name. It has added appeal because its plural form, daw-aish, translates to “bigots who impose their views on others.”
So, a rose may be a rose, but in the case of ISIS /ISIL/Da’ esh, the name you give it may indicate whether it smells sweet to you or not.